Tourist attractions in Egypt promise an enchanting mix of ancient wonders, vibrant culture, and stunning landscapes. From the famous Pyramids of Giza, a testament to the timeless legacy of the Pharaohs, to the majestic temples of Luxor and Karnak, each site reflects Egypt’s rich history and architectural brilliance.
The mystical allure of the Nile River, which offers tranquil cruises and stunning views, complements Cairo’s bustling souks, where vibrant spices and handicrafts captivate the senses.
Steeped in antiquity, Egypt boasts a stunning Red Sea coastline, inviting travelers to explore its underwater wonders, including vibrant coral reefs and diverse marine life. This diverse tapestry of historical grandeur and natural beauty makes Egypt a captivating destination for every adventurer.
In this blog, we’ll look closely at some of Egypt’s top tourist attractions, so you can start planning your adventure in this incredible country.
Here are some of the Top Tourist Attractions in Egypt:
1. Visiting The Pyramids of Giza
The Pyramids of Giza are undoubtedly one of the most famous and impressive tourist attractions in egypt. These ancient structures, located just outside of Cairo, are considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World and have been fascinating visitors for centuries.
Built over 4,500 years ago, the Pyramids of Giza were constructed as tombs for pharaohs and their consorts. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest and most well-known of the three pyramids, and it is estimated that it took over 20 years to build each pyramid. Workers used primitive tools and techniques to construct these massive structures, which still stand today as a testament to the ancient Egyptians’ engineering and architectural prowess.
Visitors to the Pyramids of Giza can explore the interior of these ancient tombs and marvel at the intricate carvings and decorations. They can also witness the Great Sphinx, a statue that stands guard over the pyramids and is one of the oldest and largest statues in the world.
The Pyramids of Giza remain an essential stop for anyone visiting Egypt, and they continue to fascinate and intrigue visitors from all over the world
2. Visit The First Capital in Ancient Egypt at Memphis City
The ruins of the city of Memphis were found about 20 kilometers from Giza, on the west bank of the Nile near the city of Mit Rahina. Both Manetho and Herodotus say that Manethus, or the city of Memphis, was the first capital of Egypt. It is believed that King Mina started the city. He united Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt into a single kingdom. He ruled all Egyptian lands from the capital of the Nile Delta, which was located at the crossroads of the northern and southern parts of the country.
Throughout the Old Kingdom period, the king lived and administered the government from Memphis. This style remained in place until the Middle Kingdom was established, and Thebes became its new capital in the south.
Memphis is a place that you should visit on your Egypt tours. We think you should spend some time at King Djoser’s Saqqara complex in Memphis, which contains a stepped pyramid and a complete mortuary temple surrounded by a beautiful wall. By doing this, you will be able to see the entire site. In 2020, you can see the 2,500-year-old sarcophagi found at the New Saqqara site.
If you can, visit Memphis and Saqqara simultaneously for the best trip possible.
3. Enjoy Cairo’s Sight from Above The Citadel of Salah El-Din
Egypt’s history is discussed in-depth, from the time of the Pharaohs to the golden age of Islam in the Middle Ages. In Arabic, the Citadel called Qal’aa was built on top of the Mokattam Hills,
one of the most critical places in Cairo.
Indeed, the Salah al-Din Citadel wasn’t Cairo’s only big building project at the time. So, during the time of the Ayyubids, a long line of military fortifications was built based on the ideas of kings who had been soldiers before they became kings. Between the 13th and 19th centuries, about 700 years, the Citadel of Salah al-Din is thought to have been the center of power for most of that time.
The story goes on after the time of the Ayyubid Kingdom and adds new parts at the same time. The Al-Nasir Mohammed Mosque is known for its amazing dome. It was built during the time of the Mamluks and is one of the best things to see when you visit the citadel. The outside of the dome is covered with green tiles, and the bulb on the top of the minaret is shaped like a garlic clove. This is the first bulb to be put on an Egyptian minaret.
Iwan al-Ashrafiyya, also called A Iwan Al-Kabir, is one of the sites related to the Mamluks that you will learn about as you learn more about their history. After that, the Ablaq Palace and some other buildings are inside the citadel.
4. Visit The Spectacular Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha
Later, from 1830 to 1848, Mohammed Ali Pasha and his family were in charge of Egypt. This was the start of the Ottoman era.
Mohammed Ali built the most important building in the citadel but didn’t stop there. He also gave it steel-coated domes and pencil-shaped minarets as a nod to Turkey’s Hagia Sophia Mosque.
If you go to Cairo, you shouldn’t miss the chance to see the Marble and Alabaster pavement.
The Mohammed Ali Mosque of the Citadel, an impressive example of Ottoman architecture in Cairo that opened its doors in 1848, was built by the architect Yusuf Boshnak and his craftsmen.
5. Experience Authentic Egyptian Dinners
When traveling, eating a variety of local specialties is an integral part of the whole experience and should not be missed. Egypt is a popular tourist destination; food is a massive part of the experience. There are several regional specialties besides Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisines.
Some deliciously unusual dishes are Koshary, molokhia, garlic okra, stuffed vegetables (stuffed), fatteh, hawawshi, falafel, dirty medames, moussaka, and stuffed pigeon. Meat or cheese stuffed with vegetables (mahshi).
Please look at our guide to traditional Egyptian food for all times of the year.
6. Tour Into The Chaos and Bustle of Islamic Cairo at El Muizz Street
The next thing we have planned is a trip to Al Moez Ldin Allah Al Fatmi, where we can see some of the most impressive works of Islamic art from the Fatimid period.
In 969 A.D., the Fatimids were able to get rid of the Ikhshids of the Abbasid dynasty and set up their own rule over the country. The Fatimid caliph Al-Muizz and his strong vizir Badr El-Din Al-Gammali built a capital city in the style of North Africa. They gave it a name showing their power: Al-Qahira, also called Cairo.
The first step was building a wall around the capital and ensuring it had strategic entrances. Two of these gates still stand today. The northern Bab Al-Futuh gate and the southern Bab Zuweila gate. The Fatimid walls around the city were raised, and buildings were built inside them. Building mosques, Madrasas, cisterns, hospitals, and homes, among other things, helped meet the needs of the people.
Unmissable attractions at Al-Muizz Street to pass by:
- Sultan Al Mansur Qalawun Mosque | Cairo
- Souk Al Khayamiya | Tentmakers Bazaar
- Al Aqmar Mosque | Cairo | Egyptian
- Bayt Al Suhaymi in Cairo | Al Suhaymi House
- El Ghorya | Attractions in Cairo, Egypt
7. Capture Unforgettable Souvenirs from Khan El Khalili Bazaar
Building and other things always took place within the Fatimid walls. You’ll feel like you’ve returned to the Mamluk era, complete with a beautiful souq where you can do some real shopping.
Legend has it that Jarkas al-Khalili began building Khan al-Khalili in 1382 or 1389 so that it could be a place where Mamluk and foreign caravans could stop and trade with each other.
Khan El Khalili is the best place in Cairo to buy authentic Egyptian souvenirs, whether you want copies, silver, gold, gemstones, leather, or something else.
8. Attend The Sound and Light of Giza pyramids by Night
During the day, the pyramids, the Sphinx, the Sun Boat Museum, and the rest of the Giza Plateau are great places to see, but the music and light show at night is something else.
You will be told a funny and moving story about the pyramids, the Sphinx, the pharaohs, and much more. At seven, the show will start in several languages, including English, Italian, Spanish, French, and German.
9. Eat Koshary
Egyptian koshari, often spelled koshari or just koshari, is a popular dish and a great example of the country’s culinary history. A bowl of pasta, lentils, and peas served with
a delicious tomato sauce and onions cooked until caramelized. The chef got ideas for this unique dish from dishes from Italy, India, and the Middle East. This is what gives the dish its unique taste.
Never leave Egypt without having a Koshary lunch at one of the local Koshary restaurants. If you are already home, let’s start making Egyptian Koshari.
10. Sail Down The Nile in a Felucca
Egypt is the only place in the world to eat a felucca while watching the sun go down. This amazing trip will keep you busy the whole time you’re in Egypt, and you’ll remember it for years.
On many Nile cruises, you can see traditional wooden boats called feluccas from Cairo to Aswan. You shouldn’t miss this chance if you want your trip to Cairo to look good on social media.
Action-taking on its own
11. Visit The Grand Egyptian Museum – GEM
The Grand Egyptian Museum shows an exhibit with more than 50,000 artifacts, such as King Tutankhamun’s master collection and the jewels found in his tomb.
These things have been found or are currently on display at the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir.
12. See Cairo from The Highest Point at CairoTower
See ancient Egypt differently! You’ve come to the right place to start your trip through Cairo. The Cairo Tower was the tallest building in Africa and North Africa for almost fifty years after it was built.
The Cairo Tower was built in 1961 and was designed by the Egyptian architect Naoum Shebib. It is a freestanding building that stands about 187 meters tall. It lets people see all of Cairo and Giza in one large view. After taking in the beautiful view, guests can take a break in the building’s comfortable elevator and relax in the cozy café on the ground floor.
13. The Magical Handicrafts at The Museum of Islamic Art
Completed in 1902, the current structure of the Islamic Museum in Cairo is an excellent representation of a building in the Mamluk style of architecture.
Among the quiet walls of the museum, here you go with real “treasures” of more than 100,000 objects from mosques and various Islamic sites in Egypt, India, Iran, Syria, and more.
Museum exhibitions cover the Islamic eras in Egypt and the world, from the Umayyads to the Abbasids, the Fatimids, the Tulunids, the Ikhshidids, the Mamluks, the Ottomans, and modern history.
14-St. Catherine Monastery
St. Catherine Monastery is one of the important Tourist Attractions in Egypt, which both local and foreign tourists commonly visit. The monastery is characterized by great historical and religious importance, as it is one of the oldest Christian monasteries in the world and includes many important historical monuments and monuments.
St. Catherine’s Monastery features many attractive churches and monasteries, and St. Catherine’s Church is well-preserved and houses some of the finest works of religious art.
The church is distinguished by its massive wooden doors, decorated with unique artistic shapes and patterns.
The monastery also includes a huge library of more than 4,000 manuscripts dating back to the Middle Ages, considered one of the most important tourist attractions in the monastery.
St. Catherine’s Monastery is also distinguished by its excellent location, which offers stunning views of the Sinai Mountains and the surrounding desert. It is also possible to take trips to the nearby mountain and climb it to enjoy the beautiful views.
Safety Tips During Your Trip in Egypt
Here are some safety tips to keep in mind during your trip to Egypt:
- Stay up to date on local news and security developments.
- Always carry identification and keep a copy of your passport and other essential documents.
- Respect local customs and dress appropriately, especially when visiting religious sites.
- Use licensed taxis or ride-sharing services and avoid unmarked or unofficial vehicles.
- Keep your valuables secure and be cautious of pickpockets in busy areas.
- Stay hydrated and protect yourself from the sun with sunscreen, hats, and sunglasses.
- Avoid drinking tap water and only consume bottled water and food from reputable establishments.
- Consult with your embassy or consulate for specific safety concerns or travel advisories.
These safety tips can help ensure a safe and enjoyable trip to Egypt.
FAQS About Tourist Attractions in Egypt to visit
1. What is the most visited part of Egypt?
The Great Pyramids of Giza are the most visited part of Egypt. It is located on the outskirts of Cairo and is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The pyramids were built as tombs for the pharaohs and are a testament to the engineering skills of the ancient Egyptians.
2. Why is Egypt a popular tourist destination?
Egypt is a sought-after tourist destination due to its rich historical heritage, particularly the famous Giza Pyramids, the Sphinx, and ancient temples such as Karnak and Luxor. The appeal extends to Nile River cruises, lively bazaars, Red Sea spas, and the cultural tapestry woven within its archaeological wonders.
3. What is the Best Time to Visit Egypt?
The best time to visit Egypt is during the country’s winter season, from October to April. During this time, the weather is generally pleasant, with cooler temperatures and lower humidity, making it easier to explore the many outdoor attractions without getting overheated.
The peak tourism season in Egypt is from December to February, so expect larger crowds and higher prices during this time. However, suppose you’re interested in specific festivals or events, such as the Abu Simbel Sun Festival in February or the Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr celebrations in the spring. In that case, you may want to plan your visit accordingly.
If you’re interested in diving or snorkeling in the Red Sea, the best time to visit is from May to September, when the water temperatures are warm and visibility is high..
Remember that this is also the hottest time of year in Egypt, so be prepared for the heat.
The best time to visit Egypt depends on your preferences and travel plans.
4. What to wear in Egypt?
Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country, and it’s essential to respect local customs and dress modestly, particularly when visiting religious sites or in more conservative areas.
Here are some tips on what to wear in Egypt:
Cover your shoulders and knees: It’s best to wear long-sleeved shirts and pants or skirts that cover your knees to show respect for the local culture.
Choose lightweight and breathable fabrics: Egypt can get very hot, especially during the summer, so opt for lightweight and breathable fabrics such as cotton or linen.
Wear comfortable shoes: You’ll likely be doing a lot of walking, so comfortable shoes are a must. Sandals or sneakers are a good choice.
Bring a scarf or shawl: A scarf or shawl can cover your head or shoulders when visiting mosques or other religious sites.
Avoid revealing clothing: Avoid wearing clothing that is too tight or revealing, such as shorts or tank tops, as this may be considered disrespectful in some areas.
Dressing modestly and respectfully can help ensure a positive and respectful experience while traveling in Egypt.